War As I Knew 11
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The impact of the attacks, on emotions and behaviors, has been far greater in New York and Washington, DC. Yet within these cities, there is a stark division between those who were in the downtown areas on the day of the attacks and those who were not. Notably, 59% of New York area residents who were in midtown or lower Manhattan on Sept. 11 knew someone killed in the attacks. By comparison, about four-in-ten New York area residents who were not in the area that day say the same.
These patterns also are mirrored in Washington D.C., where those who were downtown or near the Pentagon on the day of the attacks have experienced a more direct impact than others in the area. More than a quarter (27%) of this group knew a victim, compared with 16% of other area residents. Just one-in-ten Americans nationwide say they knew someone killed or injured on Sept. 11.
Having served the U.S. Army for 36 years, Patton was a career soldier who served as an example for his troops. He believed in his country, his mission and winning the battles he was tasked with. He also knew very well how to motivate his troops to fight with him:
One, some of you will remember. In 1917, just about the time we were going into the Great War, Jane Addams made a speech. She had long been a peacemaker and had written at least two very good books on behalf of peace. The coming war was an agony to her. She was a gentle soul and never said harsh things. In this speech, she told a story something like this. I did not hear it. A young man she knew was in deep trouble. He did not believe in war nor its inevitability. He believed that war was murder and he was unwilling to be a criminal. No motive could justify war to him. He knew the world had not advanced far enough to see war from his point of view, but that did not justify war for him. He could not bring himself to serve, yet he had been drafted. He was in an agony of agitation, and became a conscientious objector. The press told the story in its own way, always with the inference that Miss Addams was trying to persuade young men not to enlist and not to serve when drafted. The effect of this simple episode is indescribable.
Let us take the conspicuous example of France and Germany. Many centuries before these two nations existed, or their present names had been pronounced, men across the Marne and the Rhine and even then, they knew that murder was crime, but they believed it to be a virtue to kill those bad men across the river, to steal their belongings, to destroy their huts, burn their villages, and possess themselves of their territory. Deep down in the earth, in the ashes of these villages, battlegrounds have been found and skeletons different from those of modern men. Who they were, why they fought, no one knows.
Take for instance the book "Red Platoon" by Clinton Romesha. In the book, the Army soldiers described how (Afghanistan was so similar to Vietnam in that) the artillery (in this case, the mortars) were vital in holding back any enemy infantry attacks. As such, would it not make more sense to invest in light and medium Army artillery? But no, the artillery were fixed numbers and rare, and after 20 years, the US Army made no valiant attempts to develop and field newer, lighter, more mobile artillery with LRPFs. Clinton said that the soldiers and the enemy knew that once the FOB's artillery was destroyed, the battle was over because the FOB cannot reach out and stop a mass enemy infantry attack without the mortars. The CAS, Mark 19 and .50cal M2HBs cannot stop the enemy because they lack the explosive "Shock and Awe" of mortars and artillery. The FOB didn't have 105mm and 155mm howitzers, so it's the mortars that did the heavy hitting.
But where were the autoloading mortars? Were were the mobile mortars on the beds of ATVs, M-GATORS, HMMWVs, and MRZRs? Where were the banks of 2.75" rockets or even APKWS? Where were the Recoilless Rifles? Where was the AAA guns like on the bed of pickup "Technicals?" Where were the mortar turrets like the Patria NEMO? Where were the 40-50mm turrets for longer range firepower? And where was more "Pocket artillery?" Once the enemy mapped out where the mortars were in the FOB, Clinton knew that it was only a matter of time before the mortars will be destroyed after all these enemy attacks.
I've been looking for a good analogue to the willingness of Republicans to believe, or say they believe, that Obama was born abroad, and one relevant number is the share of Democrats willing to believe, as they say, that "Bush knew."
McNamara repeats this sentence several times throughout the documentary. He discusses a moment during the Cuban Missile Crisis when he and Kennedy were trying to keep the United States out of war, but General Curtis LeMay wanted to invade Cuba. Kennedy received two messages from Nikita Khrushchev during the Crisis, which McNamara refers to as the "soft message" and the "hard message." He says the first message sounded like it came from a "drunk man or one under a lot of stress" and stated that, if the United States guaranteed it would not invade Cuba, the missiles would be removed, while the second stated that, if the United States attacked Cuba, "we're prepared to confront you with masses of military power." Llewellyn Thompson, a former US ambassador to Moscow who knew Khrushchev personally, urged Kennedy to respond to the soft message, as he believed Khrushchev would be willing to remove the missiles if, afterward, he could draw attention away from the fact that he had failed to establish nuclear weapons in Cuba by taking credit for saving Cuba from being invaded by the US. Kennedy eventually agreed with Thompson and the situation was resolved without further escalation.
McCollum's sister Cheyenne told East Idaho News that her brother was "going to be the best dad." Cheyenne said her brother was the youngest of four siblings, her single father's only son, and that he knew he wanted to be a Marine from a young age.
"He was a kid that touched everybody's heart," Cheyenne told East Idaho News. "He was a wrestler since he was 4. He knew he was going to be a Marine since he was about that same age. He used to walk around in just a diaper and in his sister's pink princess boots carrying his toy rifle and play like he was in the Army or a Marine."
15. Those who were called skillful leaders of old knew how to drive a wedge between the enemy's front and rear; to prevent co-operation between his large and small divisions; to hinder the good troops from rescuing the bad, the officers from rallying their men.
Wald was at the Pentagon for meetings on September 11. He knew U.S. forces could be in the air quickly, attacking Afghanistan with long-range B-2, B-1 and B-52 bombers and Tomahawk cruise missiles launched from ships.
I wanted to join the military even before 9/11, but after 9/11 happened, I knew I really had to go in. Not go to college first, get a degree. I just went straight in," said Doc Jacobs, retired U.S. Navy Corpsman.
After arriving on the scene, if Barron judged it expedient he was authorized to support an overland attack on Tripoli by forces supporting the restoration to power of Hamet Qaramanli, an older brother ousted in a 1796 coup by Pasha Yusuf Qaramanli. That idea had been proposed in 1801 by James Cathcart and also by William Eaton who knew the exiled Hamet in Tunis when he was American consul there. The proposal had received qualified approval from Secretary of State Madison in 1802. 2b1af7f3a8